Difference Between Indian Classical And Western Classical Music ?
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Can anyone please tell me the difference between Indian classical music and western classical music?....How musicians compose tunes from Indian classical and Western classical?plz give an idea i want to learn music please suggest which i should prefer first.....
Indian classical music is tonal (based on a single scale),supported by a unique chord or 'drone' note and usually in one key, Western Classical Music is based on the modal system (a chord for each note of the scale) and modulation or moving/changing to other related or unrelated keys (a different scale or tonal centre) typically based on 'sonata form'
The word classical in European music generally refers to orchestral 'Art' music of the classic period (1850 - 1900 I think) whereas in India it refers to a much older and sacred tradition of 'meditation' music with 'improvisation' (something that doesn't generally exist in westen classical music
The music of India sounds quite exotic to most Western audiences. Two major reasons for this are the differences between the two traditions in tuning and scales.
This post is a short introduction to these differences. We also identify the similarities between these two traditions.
- Indian music is essentially monophonic, meaning that a single note, or sequence of individual notes is expanded and improvised upon.
- Western music is generally polyphonic, meaning it is defined by multiple notes being played/sung together.
- Western classical music is based upon the equal tempered scale, and rests upon melody, harmony and counterpart while ICM is based on the 12 notes and their intervening semitones, and a cycle of beats starting with a stress point called the Sam and ending with a release point called the Khali.
- ICM is tonal or based on a single scale (a single drone, chord, and key)
- WCM is modal, meaning it has a chord for each note of the scale.
- WCM is mostly written music whilst the teacher-disciple tradition of ICM makes it a lot more fluid and is filled with improvisations.